Welcome to The Heart of a Mighty Warrior, an on-line study on the life of David. It’s not too late to join us. To register, please leave a comment with your first name and e-mail address or e-mail me at Deuteronomysix@aol.com.
Every day as I sit at the computer and read your comments, I am touched and moved by what God is doing. All He asks is that we seek Him, and look what happens when we do!!!
Thank you, thank you for faithfully doing your homework and for openly and honestly sharing your answers. It blesses me beyond measure to see God working through the questions He laid on my heart. This week we travel through many chapters and cover much material. There are thirteen multi-part questions. Feel free to divide the assignment throughout the week to spread out the reading. David’s life is full of many significant stories. It is so very hard to pick and choose, and I trust the Lord with the choices I have made…that they will be meaningful and speak to you.
How are you doing with your memory verses? I pray that as you commit this week’s verse to memory, the Lord will plant it deep in your heart. Know that these verses are God-given just for you. Trust that He will reveal the perfect time for you to share them…whether in your own life or the life of someone you love.
Below please find the lesson for Week One and the homework and reading assignment for Week Two. This week, we watch as God strips David of everything so that he can learn to trust in God and God alone. We find David on the run, desperately trying to escape from the throes of Saul’s jealousy.
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Reading Assignment: Read as assigned through the homework.
This Week’s Memory Verse: Trust in Him at all times, O people; pour out your hearts to Him, for God is our refuge. Psalm 62:8
Homework Questions: Please do as many questions as time allows. It is in your reading and studying that God will do His greatest work.
Heavenly Father, I am ready to begin another week spending precious time with You in Your Word. As I begin this week’s lesson, make my heart tender to hear Your voice as You speak to me. Give me ears to hear and a heart to receive what You have for me in each and every lesson. Speak a fresh Word to me…especially the familiar stories. Allow me to read each story as if for the first time. You tell me Your Word is living and active meant to speak to me today. You tell me that when Your Word goes out, it will achieve what You desire and accomplish the purposes for which You sent it. Father, do that in my life. Speak to me. Move me. Change me. Accomplish everything in my life that You desire. Thank You for giving me this opportunity to spend time alone with You. Help me to carve out the time no matter how busy I think I am. Help me to put You first. I ask this in Jesus’ powerful and effective Name. Amen.
1. Read 1 Samuel 19.
a. How did Jonathan respond to his father’s orders to kill David?
b. How did Saul respond at first? (1 Samuel 19:6)
c. What happened to change that response? (1 Samuel 19:7-10)
2. Saul was clearly out of control. Jealousy overtook every fiber of his being. His son and daughter both appeared to choose David over him. He became relentless in his pursuit to kill David.
Remember, Samuel anointed Saul. Don’t you think by now David was questioning the anointing on his life? He stayed with Samuel while Saul sent more and more men after him. But God proves He is still in charge.
a. What happened in 1 Samuel 19:19-24? Share how God’s reveals His plan is still in place?
b. Read 1 John 4:4. Write the verse below.
c. Does it encourage you that when evil confronts godliness, godliness wins out?
God makes it quite clear, doesn’t he? The Spirit of God is more powerful than anything!
(If you would like to learn more about the friendship between David and Saul’s son, Jonathon, read 1 Samuel Chapter 20. Due to time constraints, I will not spend time on this relationship in our lesson. But it is a beautiful friendship worth learning about).
3. Read 1 Samuel 21. David at age twenty finds himself homeless, without family, without employment, and without friends. David is now running for his life from a madman who also happened to be Israel’s king. We meet him in 1 Samuel 21:1 in a place called Nob, also known as the “city of priests.”
a. Why do you suppose he chose this city?
b. What is the first sin David commits here? (1 Samuel 21:1-2)
c. What lie did he tell?
d. For what did David ask first? (1 Samuel 21:3)
e. What did the priest have to offer?
f. Do you think it significant that the only bread the priest had to offer was holy, consecrated bread, the bread of the Presence?
Friends, I absolutely believe that by making this the only bread available, God was reminding David of His Presence and His promise to David that he was going to be king. David knew these promises of God, but he was desperate and fearful.
Exodus 25:30 speaks of the Bread of the Presence required to be always present on the Table in the Temple. “Presence” here refers to the actual presence of God. The bread represented a perpetual offering to the Lord and served as a reminder of God’s presence to His people. Perhaps God made this bread available here because He wanted David to remember that His Presence was with him wherever he went.
4. What is so precious for you and me is that God does the same for us.
a. Read John 6:48? What does Christ call Himself int this verse?
b. What is His promise in Hebrews 13:5? (quoting from Deuteronomy 31:6, Moses’ words to Israel)?
c. Share a time in your life when God clearly reminded you of His presence.
5.David runs again at the end of Chapter 21. Read 1 Samuel 22:1-5. Sadly, David felt he had nowhere else to run, so 1 Samuel 22:1tells us that he “escaped to the cave of Adullam.” David wrote eight different Psalms while on the run from Saul. Below we will study two that he wrote while taking refuge in the cave.
Read Psalm 57.
a. What does this psalm reveal about David’s heart?
b. What are your thoughts about David’s words in verses 7-11?
Read Psalm 142.
a. What is David doing in verse 1?
b. What about in verse 2? How does this encourage you?
c. What does he recognize in verses 3 and 5?
d. What is he feeling in verses 4 and 6?
e. In verse 7, his tone changes. What do you think happened as he moved through verses 1-6 to arrive at verse 7?
David’s life is such an encouragement because his life and heart mirror ours. He was a godly man who desired to honor God with his life. Yet he struggled with living out that faith in the midst of difficult circumstances. He ran away from God rather than toward God. He tried to solve problems his way rather than God’s way, and the consequences as we will soon learn were severe.
Before we finish, I want to encourage you with one more Psalm written by David.
Read Psalm 62. Write verses 5-8 below.
6. Read 1 Samuel 22:6-23. Let’s get back to Saul and David. Today we have a difficult story to read. We will see the magnitude of Saul’s madness and hatred for David.
a. Read 1 Samuel 22:6-23. What did Saul accuse his men of doing?
b. In verse 9, we meet Doeg again. Do you remember when we met him before? To refresh your memory, reread 1 Samuel 21:7.
* Who is Doeg?
* What does he tell Saul?
* What does Saul do in response?
* How many priests were killed that day? Who else did Doeg kill?
7. Read Psalm 52. Theologians believe David wrote this psalm in response to what happened that terrible day in Nob. David surely blamed himself for this terrible tragedy since his presence in Nob is the reason Saul ordered the priests and the entire town slaughtered. But he did not allow himself to stay in that place of blame and self-pity. He cried out to God. He placed the blame exactly where it should have been…on Saul and Doeg. He reminded himself of some very important truths.
a. What are those truths?
* Verse 5?
* Verses 6-7?
* Verse 9?
These are powerful truths. They are truths to stand as we watch horrors like 911 and the Columbine shooting. We cannot fathom how anyone can kill in such a heartless and depraved manner, taking the lives of innocent men, women, and children. In the face of such horror, we must
look to our Sovereign God
trust in His justice
believe in His goodness, and
cling to His hope.
He alone is our Refuge and our Strength, our Strong Tower, and our most Faithful Father.
We continue to see David on the run from Saul. There are some great lessons tucked in the next two chapters.
8. Read 1 Samuel 23. I just love the lesson David teaches us in this chapter.
a. What is David’s first act before moving forward with any decisions regarding the Philistines? (1 Samuel 23:2)
b. How did David’s men respond to his decision to go to battle?
c. What did David do in verse 4?
d. Why did he inquire of the Lord a second time?
e. Do you think it’s wrong to ask God repeatedly for something you have already asked? Explain your answer.
f. Now read verse 7. What does Saul believe? What did he do in response?
g. What does David do in response in verses 11 and 12?
h. What happens in verse 14?
i. What is the clear difference between Saul and David?
9. Read Psalm 54. Throughout this study we will read many Psalms written by David. This is one of the few psalms where we know exactly when it was written. David wrote this Psalm when the Ziphites told Saul his whereabouts.
a. Write the first line of Psalm 54 below. How does David ask God to save Him?
b. What does this Psalm reveal about David’s heart and his relationship with God?
10.God has taken David through some very difficult trials this week. Clearly God is preparing David for this magnificent call He has on David’s life.
a. In what ways is God equipping David? In other words, what is God building in David through his trials that will help him be a better leader for God’s people?
b. Think back through your biggest trials. Can you look back now and see that God was building something in you…equipping you for what He is calling you to do now? If yes, please share what you have learned.
11. Read 1 Samuel 24. What a powerful lesson David teaches us today. Saul continues to pursue David. 1 Samuel 24 tells us that Saul hand-picked three thousand men from Israel and set out after David and his six hundred men. Saul and his men stopped for a rest. There were no Chick-fil-A’s or rest stops along the way. So Saul went into a cave to relieve himself.
a. Who was in the cave? (verse 3). What did David’s men say? (verse 4)
b. At that point, what did David have the opportunity to do? Did he take it?
c. What did David do?
d. What reason did David give for not “lifting a hand against his master?” (verse 6)
e. What do these verses reveal about David’s heart?
12. David had no guarantee that Saul would not come after him again. Saul promised nothing! Yet David refused revenge, offered reconciliation, and restored the relationship.
a. What truth do we learn for dealing with those who have hurt us?
b. David confronted Saul with grace and respect. Do you think this result would have been different had David had a different attitude?
c. Read Psalm 7. What does this Psalm reveal about David’s attitude…
* about himself?
* about his enemies?
* about God?
13. The author of 1 Samuel 25 tells us that upon learning of Nabal’s death, David sent for Abigail to make her his wife. The only problem is David already had a wife, Ahinoam. Part of me thinks what a wonderful love story, but the other part of me says this “godly” man, this man after God’s own heart, is now a polygamist, in direct violation of God’s law.
a. Read Deuteronomy 17:14-20. What is its specific direction to kings regarding wives? What is the reason?
b. Read verses 18 and 19 again. How does God ensure the kings know these laws?
Sadly, David’s actions here show us his heart is beginning to stray. As we continue in our journey, we will see David make some devastating choices that move him further and further from His Father’s heart.
This story is a powerful one to teach us that it is the first step toward sin that makes next steps much easier.
Let’s pray together to end our week.
Heavenly Father, fill my heart with Your Truth. Plant it deep within me so that it takes root. Keep me close to Your heart. Keep my heart tender so that I never stray from living in Your Truth. And Father, if I ever do begin to stray, do what You need to do to draw me back. Convict my heart, open my eyes to see, give me ears to hear, bring me an Abigail. Give me a heart of humility to see my sin. Move me to confession. Allow me to return to You. Thank You for this chapter to remind me that even when I think I am at my strongest and best in my walk with You, I am susceptible to sin and disobedience. I love You, Lord. Draw me close each and every day and make my heart more and more like Yours. In Jesus’ name. Amen.